Ways of Selecting Epilepsy Treatment Drugs
Epilepsy is one of the chronic neurological disorder where the individual suffers from seizures. This neurological disorder is experienced by many people across the world. Epilepsy is mainly caused by stroke, meningitis, traumatic brain injury and AIDS. There is a chance that a person can inherit the neurological disorder from his parents if one them has the condition. There are studies which have shown that are some triggers that may cause epilepsy. Stress, lack of sleep, alcohol and illness are some if the triggers that an individual may face if he has the epileptic condition. Individuals with epilepsy usually have different triggers which may involve a combination of various things. Managing the condition requires that the doctor should identify the type of seizures an individual experiences. Generalized seizures and focal seizures are the most common types of seizures that individual with epilepsy will have. In each the two cause different reactions in individuals with focal causing dizziness, loss of five senses and twitching of limbs while generalized seizures cause loss of bladder and jerking movement of legs and arms.
The anti-epilepsy drugs are developed based on the seizures the person portrays. The side effects of the two types of medication drugs for epilepsy are different. The patient with epilepsy needs the broad spectrum drugs in treating more that one seizures that he or she has and the side effects of using the medication may include insomnia, fatigue and dizziness. The other drug for treating epilepsy is know as narrow spectrum and it is mainly used to manage some type software seizures with side effects being different since the drug is administered in different ways. The narrow spectrum anti-epilepsy medication is administered as a solution, oral table or IV injection. The person with epilepsy mostly ha recurrent seizures and these drugs ensure that the seizures have stopped or fewer. The triggers that a person has identified are mostly used to show the effectiveness of the drugs. There is a risk that will occur if the condition is not managed.
There are other ways in which epilepsy can be managed when the drugs are not effective on the recurrent seizures. Brain surgery and vagus nerve stimulations are options available to patient of epilepsy when the drugs don’t work. Vagus nerve stimulation involves sending electric impulses to the brain using a stimulator device that is placed under the epileptic patient skin. The brain surgery is the last resort since it’s invasive the part of the brain that causes seizures is normally removed. Those patients with epilepsy and have taken drugs yet the condition stagnates can take the ketogenic diet since most people have benefited from it.